John Ronald Reuel Tolkien:
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Born On The: 3rd January 1892.
Died On The: 2nd September 1973
Birthplace: Bloemfontein. South Africa.
Occupation(s): Author, poet, philologist, and university professor.

Zodiac: Born under the Star Sign CapricornCapricornWhat Star Sign are You?

Achievement(s): The Lord of the Rings.

He was Appointed a CBE - Commander of the Order of the British Empire - by Queen Elizabeth II on 28 March 1972.

Biography:

He moved to England in 1895 and taught at Leeds University.

He was an author, poet, philologist and university professor, but he was best known as the author of the classic fantasy works 'The Hobbit', 'The Lord of the Rings' and 'The Silmarillion'; it is thought that parts of Middle Earth were based on the English countryside and that Northfarthing, with its heavy snowfalls, was based on Yorkshire.

While many other authors had published works of fantasy before Tolkien, the great success of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings led directly to a popular resurgence of the genre; this has caused Tolkien to be popularly identified as the "father" of modern fantasy literature, or more precisely, of high fantasy; in 2008, The Times ranked him sixth on a list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945".



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