Migraine Treatments:

What are the Types of Migraine Treatments?

There is no known cure for any type of Migraine; however, Triggers that cause the Migraine can be found for many sufferers and then these can be avoided, or treated; if you do not know what the trigger is, or triggers are, for your migraine and seeing as there is no known cure for Migraine, and prevention 'Prophylaxis' is always better than a cure, then in order to prevent a Migraine it is advisable that all frequent Migraine sufferers avoid all, or most, of the known Migraine triggers and drink lots of water besides because dehydration can worsen a Migraine attack; unfortunately this is not always possible; therefore, the most commonly prescribed headache relieving Migraine medications used to prevent Migraine attacks, or to stop them once they have started are:

Triptans, which are effective in relieving headaches and nausea and sensitivity to light; Ergots, which provide relief, but are considered as less effective than Triptans; Anti-Nausea, which help to remove the feeling of nausea and at times stop vomiting; Opiates, which are prescribed for those who don't react well to Triptans or Ergots and Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAID) painkillers like ibuprofen and aspirin, which treat mild cases of Migraine.

Aspirin, acetaminophen, naproxen and ketoprofen are some other medicines that are commonly used to relieve pain; if the pain is severe, prescription medicines like ErgotAmine, dihydroergotAmine, sumatriptan, zolmitriptan, almotriptan, rizatriptan and frovatriptan are frequently prescribed.

Medicines not only help to prevent 'Prophylaxis' Migraine attacks, but also help to relieve the symptoms as they happen, but no Migraine relieving medications should be taken without a doctors advice, and preferably only after a complete diagnosis on the type and severity of your Migraine symptoms; whether or not you are using medication you can relieve the symptoms by taking a shower, or a bath, with warm water and press a cold compress to your head at the same time; steer clear of light and sound; give yourself, or get someone to give you, a face massage to improve your blood circulation and soak your feet in warm water to increase blood circulation and prevent nausea.

If stress is the causative factor, introduce relaxation techniques like breathing exercises and meditation and yoga in the daily routine; make sure to follow a definite sleeping pattern and sleep for seven to eight hours every day; if there are some foods that are leading to this condition, eliminate those from your diet and give up alcohol and limit caffeine intake as well; changing over to some other suitable medication, using other forms of birth control instead of oral contraceptives, taking adequate rest in between work, are some other things that can also be done to avoid this condition.

Magnesium Deficiency Treatment for Migraine

It has been proven that the intake of Magnesium supplements, can reduce the frequency of Migraine attacks and can also impede a Migraine in totality; medical experts recommend a dosage 320mg for females above 30 years, 420mg for men above 30 years of age and (280 to 320)mg for children above 13 years of age; however, it's always best to speak to a doctor and follow their dosage instructions; it has also been recommended that a daily dosage of vitamin B2, Feverfew and Magnesium can serve the purpose of dealing with Migraine headaches; some medical professionals may also administer Magnesium injections that are directly injected in the head to reduce the intensity of Migraine attacks.

Although if possible, it would be better to avoid using supplements altogether and introduce the required Magnesium into your system in a natural way, through the foods that you consume on a daily basis; some of the best sources of Magnesium are:

1 - Oat, Rice and Wheat Bran are great additions to breads and other breakfast cereals like rye and buckwheat; for every 100 gram serving crude rice bran contains 781mg, crude wheat bran contains 611mg and crude oat bran contains 235mg of Magnesium.

2 - Dried herbs are packed with vitamins and are a healthy addition to almost any meal; dried corriander provides the most Magnesium with 694mg per 100 gram serving, or 14mg per tablespoon; followed by Chives, Spearmint, Dill, Sage, Basil and Savory.

3 - Great as a snack or in a salad, pumpkin, squash and watermelon seeds are packed with Magnesium; for every 100 gram serving squash and pumpkin seeds provide 535 mg and watermelon seeds provide 515mg of Magnesium.

4 - Plain chocolate is becoming more popular and with good reason, long regarded as a junk food plain chocolate is packed with vitamins and conferred health benefits; for every 100 gram serving cocoa powder provides 499mg; plain baking chocolate provides 327mg and a typical chocolate bar provides 63mg of Magnesium.

5 - Flax and Sesame seeds are a great source of heart healthy oils and also provide a good source of Magnesium; for every 100 gram serving flax seeds provide 392mg; sesame seeds provide 351mg and sesame butter 'Tahini' provides 362mg of Magnesium

6 - Possibily the largest of all nuts, brazil nuts are a great source of Magnesium; they provide 376mg of Magnesium per 100 gram serving, or 19mg per kernel or nut.

7 - Sunflower seeds are the number one source of vitamin E and a good source of thiamin; sunflower seeds provide 325mg of Magnesium per 100 gram serving.

8 - Nuts in general are great as a snack or addition to salads and soups; for every 100 gram serving almonds provide 286mg; cashews provide 273mg; pine nuts provide 251mg and mixed nuts in general provide 251 mg of Magnesium.

9 - A good substitute for refined sugar in cakes and breads, molasses is also a great source of Magnesium; they provide 242mg per 100 gram serving, or 48mg per tablespoon.

10 - Great as a snack or as an addition to salads, dry roasted soybeans 'Edamame' are also a great source of Magnesium; they provide 228mg of Magnesium per 100 gram serving; when boiled, edamame provides 64mg of Magnesium per 100g serving.

Other foods known to be rich in Magnesium include Black Beans; Raw Broccoli; Rock Fish; Halibut; Oysters; Spinach and Herbal, Feverfew; Ginger Tea and Green Leafy Vegetables; having such a variety of foods rich in Magnesium means that for most of us there is no real need to use Magnesium supplements.

Tips for Dealing with Migraine Headaches:

When you are suffering from a Migraine headache, you can take pain killers that are available over-the-counter for an instant pain relief; however, these medicines should not be taken on a regular basis as they have potential side effects; therefore, it may be better to look for other options to deal with your Migraine headaches, such as:

1 - When you have a Migraine headache, you may not feel like doing anything, so, stop all activities and simply rest and relax yourself; go lie down for (20 to 30) minutes in a dark, quiet room, which should help to make you feel better.

2 - A gentle massage can give a lot of relief from the annoying headache; rub your fingers over the temple and the artery near the ear with a gentle pressure; massage the neck and shoulders as well, which will improve the blood flow in these areas and ease off the tension from the muscles; though it would be better if you could find someone else to do it for you.

3 - Wrap up an ice pack in a small towel and move it slowly over the painful spots of the scalp and around the neck area for at least 15 minutes; at the same time, soak your feet in a tub of warm water, which will improve blood circulation in the entire body which in turn will bring down the pain.

4 - There are a number of foods and drinks that you should avoid when you are trying to manage the annoying Migraine headaches; stay away from these foods for at least a month and see if the Migraine attacks stop; if they do then you know that at least one of those foods, or drinks, are a Trigger for your Migraines; you then need to start re-introducing them one at a time, for 2 to 3 weeks, to find out which of them are responsible for the migraines; once you identify which is a trigger then you can avoid it.

5 - You need a sound sleep of at least 6 to 8 hours every night and make sure that you maintain a regular sleeping time, which means that your bedtime and waking time should be about the same every day.

6 - Avoid going to places where you are exposed to loud music or any other sound and bright lights, for at least a month and see if the Migraine attacks stop; if they do then you know that light and or sound are Triggers to your Migraines and avoiding them in the future will help you to avoid further Migraines.

7 - In the same vein as the last two tips, try to identify the Trigger responsible for the Migraine by maintaining a diary where you note down the possible triggers every time that you suffer from a Migraine; once a trigger is identified, you can avoid that trigger from then on.

Beta Blockers for Migraines:

Beta blockers are prescription drugs that obstruct the action of beta-adrenergic substances, which helps to reduce the burden on the heart as well as dilate the blood vessels; this effect of beta blockers is useful to improve heart problems as well as relieve high blood pressure; although, it is a cardiovascular drug, various studies have proved that beta blockers can substantially decrease episodes of Migraine; they are regarded as prophylactic drugs, which means they work to prevent 'Prophylaxis' Migraine attacks of headaches in future; hence, one can consider it as a preventive measure for Migraines.

The following is a list of beta blockers used for Migraine prevention 'Prophylaxis'; Inderal (Propranolol) is the most commonly prescribed beta blocker for Migraine prevention, but Timolol (Blocadren); Nadolol (Corgard); Pindolol (Visken); Atenolol (Tenormin); Sotalol (Betapace AF); Metoprolol (Lopressor); Carteolol (Cartrol); Penbutolol (Levatol) and Oxprenolol (Trasicor) Mechanism of Action are also used.

Every medicine has its own mechanism of action that works to cure the ailment; considering this fact, one might wonder what is a beta blocker's mode of action to provide relief from Migraine attacks; unfortunately, doctors do not know how beta blockers target the underlying cause of Migraine headaches, but even if doctors are unaware of the medicine's mode of mechanism, it does not discourage them from prescribing this drug due to its efficacy.

Side Effects:

The production of the Melatonin hormone is very important for promoting sleep, but in the presence of beta blockers, the amount of produced Melatonin decreases, which can lead to increased episodes of sleep disturbances, users can also experience nightmare, or hallucination like, dreams; other side effects are Fatigue; Weakness; Nausea; Lowered Sex Drive; Bowel Dysfunction, that includes Constipation or Diarrhea and Weight Gain.

People with respiratory problems like Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or Asthma have to be extra cautious when it comes to taking beta blockers; symptoms associated with these respiratory disorders such as trouble breathing may worsen with intake of beta blockers; therefore, make your doctor aware of any pre-existing medical problems; beta blockers also slow down the heart rate and so sufferers diagnosed with Heart Failure or abnormal heart rhythms have to reconsider the use of beta blockers.

On the whole, beta blockers, especially Inderal (Propranolol) have been effective in mitigating Migraines and hypertension; to many Migraine sufferers, beta blockers have been of enormous help; quite a few sufferers used other drugs with no success but found Migraine relief from beta blockers; however, the dosage has to be adjusted accordingly to reduce the severity of their side effects; be it decreasing the severity, frequency or duration of Migraine, one can certainly expect good results from beta blockers; taking adequate rest and incorporating relaxation techniques like meditation and yoga into your everyday lifestyle can also help to combat and prevent 'Prophylaxis' Migraines successfully.

Hormonal Migraine Treatment:

Hormone Migraine treatment often involves both acute and preventive measures; the acute Migraine treatments are used to provide relief during the menstrual Migraines and the normal prescribed medications are ErgotAmine and Triptans, but Aspirin, Ibuprofen and other over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) also bring hormonal Migraine relief; preventive measures include Anticonvulsants, Beta Blockers, Calcium Channel Blockers, Tricyclic Antidepressants, Triptans and other Serotonergic medications; Diuretics can also useful in the prevention of menstrual Migraines.

An alternative treatment to hormonal Migraines is a natural hormone supplementation; after conducting certain blood tests the doctor may advice a trial of low-dose bioidentical progesterone, but if you experience Heavy Bleeding, Breast Tenderness or unusual Spotting, discontinue the Migraine hormone treatments and consult your doctor immediately.

Women that use birth control pills that also suffer from hormonal Migraines on the 2nd or 3rd day of their medication are generally prescribed NSAID's to be taken on the 19th day of their menstrual cycle; these pills are normally to be continued untill the second day of the next cycle.

As already stated prevention 'Prophylaxis' is always better than a cure; therefore, it is advisable to follow a healthy balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle with plenty of exercise and a cautious usage of Migraine hormone treatments; practicing yoga and other destressing activities help towards living a stress free life, which will not only decrease the frequency and intensity of the hormonal Migraines, it will also help to improve your health in other ways too.

A couple of the most beneficial things you can do immediately, to help improve your health, is to keep the intake of alcohol down to 1 or two small drinks a day and to avoid tobacco products; do not smoke, chew, or inhale tobacco smoke in any way; if you do smoke, Stop Now, because one way or another it will be detrimental to your health and to the health of those around you that end up breathing in the smoke that you create.

Alternative Migraine Treatments:

There are many home remedies for Migraine; however, consulting a doctor before using one is recommended; though, alternative treatments like Acupuncture, Herbal Remedies, Meditation and Yoga have helped a lot of people to effectively prevent 'Prophylaxis' and manage their Migraines.

Herbal Therapy - Butterbur:

The scientific name of the Butterbur herb is 'Petasites Hybridus'; it is also known as 'European Pestroot' or 'Sweet Coltsfoot'; this low lying perennial herb as been traditionally used by native Americans for treating Allergies, Asthma, FeverS, Headaches, Pains and Spasms; Butterbur contains chemical substances, Sesquiterpenes like Petasin and Isopetasin which are helpful in treating several conditions such as Arthritis, Coughs, Digestive Disorders, Headaches, Migraines, Oedema, Pain, Skin Diseases, Ulcers and Urinary and Genital Tract Spasms; the herb exhibits anti-spasmodic and anti-inflammatory properties which are actually responsible for the high medicinal value of the herb.

Various species of this herb are known for its exceptional medicinal properties; the leaves, flowers, stems and root stock of this herb are all used to treat various conditions; the Petasin extract from Butterbur is mainly responsible for the anti-inflammatory and anti-allergy properties, which are especially useful in lowering the symptoms of Migraine; however, you should consult your doctor before you consider using the Butterbur herb for your Migraines because the herb may interfere with other medications you are taking and may cause certain side effects.

Herbal Therapy - Feverfew:

Feverfew is native to Europe, Asia and North America, and it can be found in many herb gardens; the flowers of Feverfew resemble the daisy flowers; Feverfew is a herb of the sunflower family and has been used for centuries to treat fever, arthritis and headaches; in fact the name, 'Feverfew' is derived from the Latin word, febrifuge, which means 'Fever Reducer'; the plant and its leaves have been an integral part of European folk medicine for a long time; the main active ingredients of this herb are, 'Parthenolide' and 'Tanetin' and it is renowned for its Anti-Inflammatory; Antispasmodic; Antirheumatic; Emmenagogue and Vasodilatory properties and it is considered as a uterine stimulant.

Recently, it has become a subject of many studies, especially for determining its effectiveness in relieving Migraine headaches; findings report that its daily use can significantly reduce the frequency, as well as intensity, of Migraine headaches; however, Migraine relief is not the only health benefit attributed to this herb; in traditional medicine, it has been used for an array of health conditions including Arthritis; Asthma; Digestive Ailments; Fevers; Headaches; Joint Pains; Labuor Difficulties; Menstrual Irregularities and Cramps; Nervousness and Stomach Aches; it can also be used for treating skin conditions like, Psoriasis and to relieve the pain caused by Tooth problems.

Can Feverfew Really Cure Migraine?

Some studies have found that Migraines can have an association with a hormone like substance, known as Prostaglandin, which is released by the body as an inflammatory response; it is believed that Feverfew possesses anti-inflammatory and vasodilation effects and can inhibit the release of both Serotonin and Prostaglandin and thus, reduce the inflammation of the blood vessels associated with Migraine; however, it is not very useful for curing an acute Migraine attack; it is more beneficial for the long term management of Migraine headaches.

The herb can be used fresh, taken in capsule form or used as a tea additive; the most common side effects of this herb are Abdominal Pain, Diarrhea, Flatulence, Mouth Ulcers; Loss of Taste, Nausea and Vomiting and Nervousness; if the raw leaves of Feverfew are chewed, then one can also experience Swelling of the Tongue, Lips and the Mouth; The incidence of allergic reaction to Feverfew is quite rare; however, some people can develop allergic reaction to this herb, especially if they happen to be allergic to certain related plants like, Chamomile and Ragweed; pregnant and nursing mothers are usually advised to avoid this herb; similarly, individuals having bleeding disorders, as well as those taking anticoagulant drugs should not take Feverfew without consulting their doctor.

Herbal Therapy - Ginger:

Most of us already know that tea, or rather, the caffeine in it, is a nerve stimulant which, if taken in moderate quantities, relieves stress and helps in keeping us awake, but not many of us know that drinking Ginger tea is beneficial too; Ginger, with all its anti-inflammatory properties, is a potent herb that is good for any type of pain, or swelling of tissues and drinking Ginger tea to combat headaches is a tried and tested remedy; if you drink some of it at the very onset of a headache, it will disappear without leaving as much as a crease on your forehead!

Ginger Tea for Migraine Treatment:

Migraine headaches mostly occur when the blood vessels in and around the brain get inflamed, which places increased pressure on the brain; the blood vessel undergo swelling due to the actions of prostaglandins, which are lipids that regulate the relaxation and contraction of smooth muscle tissues.

studies have clearly shown that the enzymes and chemical compounds found in Ginger have the ability of blocking the hyperactivity of prostaglandins, thereby soothing the vascular inflammation; however, for Ginger tea to have the maximum effect, it is best to drink it at the very onset of a Migraine attack; Ginger is also a very popular home remedy for curbing nausea and is a safe alternative to harsh drugs for pregnant women who suffer from nausea and morning sickness.; this means that drinking Ginger tea during Migraine attacks also takes care of the second aspect of Migraine, besides the headache.

How to make Ginger Tea:

It is best to make Ginger tea from fresh whole Ginger rather than go for those packaged commercial products, or use Ginger powder; you can either make Ginger tea with milk, or without it, in the same way you can make black tea; try the following recipe:

If you wish your Ginger tea to be in the chai style, pour half a cup of water and half a cup of milk into a pan; grate some fresh Ginger into this mixture, add the tea leaves and bring to the boil twice; remove the pan from the heat and add honey, sugar or any other sweetener as per taste because the Ginger tea does not need to be sweetened; if you like your tea black, then follow the same procedure, but skip the milk and add one full cup of water instead; you can use tea bags instead of tea leaves but I would suggest you go for the latter as the fresh, aromatic experience of using whole tea leaves can never, ever, be rivaled by the much processed tea residues in tea bags; sip the hot, pungent tea and you'll literally feel the oncoming heaviness in your head receding with each sip and it has no adverse side effects.

Other Migraine remedies include:

Acupressure - Acupressure is a non-invasive treatment option for those suffering from severe Migraines; acupressure massages apply pressure to energy points to stimulate the body's own healing mechanisms; the most commonly used acupressure technique for headaches is an all-over head massage; this helps reduce the frequency and intensity of Migraine attacks.

Basil - Inhaling steam from an infusion of two drops of essential basil oil dropped in boiling water, or drinking tea boiled with fresh basil leaves, also helps to provide pain relief.

Chamomile - Sipping on a cup of chamomile tea, when one feels a Migraine coming on, is believed to be an excellent preventive measure.

Eucalyptus Oil - When you feel a Migraine headache coming on, rub a few drops of eucalyptus oil onto the sinus area, this will prevent 'Prophylaxis' the headache from developing further.

Hot and Cold - Place feet in hot water and simultaneously place an ice pack on the forehead; one can also use a wet face cloth to steam the face and head; place a wet cloth in a microwave for two minutes and place the steamy hot cloth on the face and neck; this will help to relieve the pain and will also induce sleep.

Lavender - a teaspoon of essential lavender oil added to half a cup of boiling water drunk regularly, will help relieve Migraine pain.

Lemon Rind - The rind should be well dried and pounded into a paste with a little water and applied on the forehead; yhe fragrance from the lemon's rind helps relieve Migraine.

Massage - Massaging the back with a mix of peppermint, and eucalyptus or lavender oil, around the base of the skull helps de-stress the muscles and will provide relief from the nauseating feeling associated with Migraines.

Peppermint - Using peppermint either internally or externally will help; you can make peppermint tea. or use peppermint essential oil mixed with a lotion and massage your head, which is a great way to get instant relief from a Migraine.

Rosemary - Add a handful of fresh or dried rosemary herb into one liter of water and bring it to a boil; inhale the steam for at least five to ten minutes to get relief from Migraines.

Vegetable Juice - 300 ml carrot juice combined with 100 ml of each beet and cucumber juice is known to help relieve Migraine pain.

Vervain Tea - This herbal tea has stimulant properties that helps relieve premenstrual Migraines; it can also be used for common headaches.

Yoga - Yoga generally focuses on the prevention 'Prophylaxis' of Migraine occurrence, by reducing stress and alleviating the headache by providing relief to sensory overload and relaxing the mind; there are many specific yoga exercises that one can practice at the first sign of a Migraine attack; however, qualified practitioners advise against the use of these exercises during severe attacks.

In order to help reduce the frequency and severity of Migraine attacks you can practice a regular sleeping schedule, which is the most recommended preventative measure known to doctors; such a schedule, when followed appropriately, brings on relaxation and this in turn helps in relieving the symptoms of Migraines; although it works best if you use an alarm in order to stick to a fixed time for going to bed and getting up, and try avoid oversleeping, as this can sometimes make you feel as if you haven't had enough sleep; staying active, eating healthy food and exercising regularly is also known to be beneficial, in fact living a healthy lifestyle and eating and drinking healthily has ben proven to reduce the frequency and severity of Migraine attacks.

As stress is considered one of the major causes of migraines, then any method of destressing the body is going to be beneficial; therefore practicing activities such as meditation, yoga or progressive muscle relaxation will help; other activities like listening to music, gardening, reading, taking a hot shower, having a walk in a silent place, etc are also beneficial, in fact any activity which relaxes, revitalises and destresses the body can help to reduce the frequency and severity of Migraine attacks.

Acupuncture for Migraines:

Acupuncture is a popular therapy, which comes under the umbrella of traditional Chinese medicine and is used in the treatment of various diseases and is said to be very effective in providing relief to people with back pain, high blood pressure and headaches, to mention but a few; it involves the stimulation of specific points of the body using various techniques; amongst these and one of the most widely accepted techniques, is the insertion of hair thin needles into strategic points in the body, these points are positioned along the meridians through which energy flows; according to the theory of acupuncture, any blockage in the free flow of energy through the meridians will result in problems and diseases and acupuncture aims to restore the balanced flow of energy in the body.

For Migraine an acupuncturist starts the process with an initial assessment of the sufferer's specific problem; as the pain may occur on various parts of the head in different people, he has to assertain the exact position of the pain in that particular sufferer, such as behind the eye, above the eyebrow, one side of temple, etc; the type of pain is also very important, as it can be a dull pain, a throbbing pain or a shooting pain.

Once the exact location and nature of the pain is determined, the acupuncturist can locate the area where the flow of energy is blocked, which is causing the Migraine headaches; the acupuncturist then has to determine the strategic points to be stimulated in order to restore the flow of energy; some acupuncturists are of the opinion that using needles to stimulate points in the head and the neck may actually increase the pain, as this process may dilate the already enlarged blood capillaries, resulting in worsening of the symptoms; therefore, they suggest the stimulation of specific points on the arms and legs instead.

Recent studies show that acupuncture as a Migraine treatment is a popular method for pain relief, but the effectiveness of acupuncture in preventing Migraine attacks 'Migraine Prophylaxis' is still in question; however, there are many people who vouch for the effectiveness of acupuncture for Migraine and it is gaining popularity, as it is one of the treatments that is absent any side effects; however, you need to make sure that you use a qualified and licensed acupuncturist.

Migraine Relief Pressure Points:

Many acupressure techniques, that involve the application of pressure on, and massage of, the following pressure points have been proven to effectively stimulate and offer relief from Migraine headaches.

Relief Point on the Head:

This is not actually a point, it is a line between the center of ears and stretching to the top of your head, the application of acupressure on this line will relieve an headache, nausea or even dizziness and is one of the major Migraine relief points.

Relief Point on the Hand:

This relief point is found inbetween your thumb and index finger; to locate it move the thumb of your other hand to the point where your index finger and thumb meet; you will find an area where you can feel a slight depression, which is the relief point on your hand; you have to find a point where it is most sore, which may be the place where the tendons of the two fingers meet; the application of acupressure at this point will not only relieve a Migraine, it works wonders for general Pain, Cold symptoms or even a Runny Nose as well.

Relief Point on the Shoulder:

Move your fingers from your shoulder towards your neck and try to find a spot which has a little bit of a depression; this will be a very tender area and sensitive spot; the application of acupressure at this point works really well.

Relief Point on the Feet:

Slide your fingers between the big toe and the 2nd toe and locate a small tendon where the two meet; the application of acupressure and massage at this point should relieve Anger, Stress and Anxiety.

Acupressure Pressure:

Keep the acupressure pressure from light to moderate depending on how sensitive the particular Migraine relief point is to touch; the pressure should be hard enough, so that you can feel some of the tension beneath; sometimes these Migraine pressure points may hurt a lot and you may experience difficulty in breathing, in that case, reduce the application of pressure on that point; a gradual increase in pressure is the best way to apply acupressure on any pressure point.

Acupressure is a very easy technique and as an excellent alternative method of relieving a Migraine pain; the application of pressure, and massage of, the acupressure points, may be a lot more inviting to you than the swallowing of pills, that often come with unwanted side affects, and many people confirm that acupressure works well on Migraines.

Migraine Related Information Leaflets

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